This week we learned about instructional design TPACK. An instructional designer is one who carefully and thoughtfully creates learning experiences for others. Instruction design is the central activity of teaching to help others learn through their instruction.
One should follow the Tpack framework. Firstly, content knowledge. A teacher should know and have knowledge about her/his own subject matters. As Shulman (1986) noted, this knowledge would include knowledge of concepts, theories, ideas, organizational frameworks, knowledge of evidence and proof, as well as established practices and approaches toward developing such knowledge” (Koehler & Mishra, 2009).
Next, pedagogical knowledge. Teachers should have deep knowledge about the process and the methodology to teach the subject matters. This generic form of knowledge applies to understanding how students learn, general classroom management skills, lesson planning, and student assessment.” (Koehler & Mishra, 2009).
Thirdly, pedagogical content knowledge. Knowledge of pedagogy that is applicable to the specific content teaching of; The transformation of the subject matter for teaching. The teacher interprets the subject matter (content knowledge) and finds multiple ways to represent it, and adapts and tailors the instructional materials to alternative conceptions and students’ prior knowledge. PCK covers the core business of teaching, learning, curriculum, assessment and reporting, such as the conditions that promote learning and the links among curriculum, assessment, and pedagogy” (Koehler & Mishra, 2009).
Next, technological knowledge. It is a knowledge on how to work on something by using technology. This includes understanding information technology broadly enough to apply it productively at work and in everyday life, being able to recognize when information technology can assist or impede the achievement of a goal, and being able continually adapt to changes in information technology (Koehler & Mishra, 2009).
As a teacher, we need to fulfil the needs of 21st century teaching and learning skills. We need to be skilful in using media, ICT and handling technology tools. The ministry of education can provide a specific course to help the teachers.